Asian Rhino Projectx

Greater One Horned Rhinoceros

The Greater One Horned rhinoceros is a conservation success story with the species moving from Endangered to Vulnerable classification in 2008. The population has climbed from approximately 200 individuals at the turn of the 20th century to over 3,250 throughout India and Nepal today. This is thanks to strict protection of the species within national parks and park protection. Re-introduction programs have begun and the species is starting to repopulate former habitats where not so long ago they had become extinct from. We cannot afford relax though - poaching is still a major threat to the Indian rhino as is habitat quality. Most of the rhino habitat is surrounded by people and farming. Rhino are known to stray from the safety of the parks and human rhino conflict is often encountered resulting in death or injury from both parties.

To read about ARP's Greater One Horned Rhino Projects:


© Brooke Squires

Conservation Status

The population of Greater One Horned Rhinoceros (GOHR) is estimated to be around 3,250 through northern India and southern Nepal. Their numbers have returned somewhat from the brink of extinction in the early 20th Century when there was thought to be as few as 200 remaining. They are heavily reliant on conservation efforts to maintain their populations.

© Brooke Squires


GOH rhinos are native to the flood-plain grasslands and woodlands of Northern India. These rhino can often be observed semi-submersed in water and are, without a doubt, the most amphibious of the five rhino species.

© Brooke Squires


Usually a solitary animal, they feed primarily on grasses, occasionally feeding on browse.

Other Features

The GOH rhino has thick folds of skin that are likened to a coat of armour. It is the second largest rhino to the African White Rhino weighing up to 2.7 tonne and standing up to two meters in height. These rhino only have one horn and are grey in colour.