Asian Rhino Projectx

Javan Rhinoceros

The Javan Rhino is the rarest of all species of rhino, with just 35 to 44 individuals left in one national park in Indonesia. With no animals in captivity, it is vital that this population get all the help they need to ensure long term survival. Work has began on the Javan Rhino Conservation and Study Area to expand the rhinos habitat by removing illegal settlers, eardicating Arenga Palm (an invasive weed that destroys rhino food sources) and planting rhino food. Promisingly, several rhinos have already been sited in this new area. 

To read about ARP's Javan Rhino Projects:


© Kerry Crosbie

Conservation Status

The appallingly low population of the Javan Rhinoceros is estimated to be approximately 35-44 animals throughout Java. Latest camera trapping data has identified 22 male and 13 female rhino. Of these, 5 were calves (3 males and 2 females).

Sadly, the Vietnamese species was recently confirmed extinct after a poached rhinoceros carcas was discovered in Cat Tien National Park in 2010. 

The Javan rhinoceros population is lower than the Sumatran Rhino, however, it is considered to be in a stronger position as the majority of the population is protected in a National Park in Java. The Javan Rhino is most definitely the rarest rhino in the world and is classified as critically endangered.

© Alain Compost


The Javan Rhino is currently only found in the dense lowland tropical rainforest of Java. Java's Ujung Kulon National Park is a primary habitat.

© Alain Compost


A solitary animal, this rhino is a "browser" (meaning it feeds off leaves, branches and fruit), although it is believed that its ancestors used to feed on grasses along lowland watercourses.

© Alain Compost

Other Features

The Javan Rhino is similar to the Indian Rhino with "riveted" looking skin folds. It can weigh up to 2.3 tonne and stand up to 1.7 meters in height. It has only one horn, although the female's horn is much smaller or virtually non-existent.